UNESCO

Armenia is a very unique tourist destination famous for its ancient cultural heritages that are inscribed on the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites. There are currently three UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Armenia. Of these, two are inscribed based on "cultural" criteria, while the remaining one is inscribed for meeting both "cultural" and "natural" criteria.

1. Monasteries of Haghpat and Sanahin, 1996

These two monasteries in the Tumanian region from the period of prosperity during the Kiurikian dynasty (10th to 13th century) were important centers of learning. Sanahin was renowned for its school of illuminators and calligraphers. The two monastic complexes represent the highest flowering of Armenian religious architecture, whose unique style developed from a blending of elements of Byzantine ecclesiastical architecture and the traditional vernacular architecture of the Caucasian region.

2. Cathedral and Churches of Echmiadzin and Archeological Site of Zvartnots, 2000

The cathedral and churches of Echmiatsin and the archaeological remains at Zvartnots graphically illustrate the evolution and development of the Armenian central-domed cross-hall type of church, which exerted a profound influence on architectural and artistic development in the region.

3. Monastery of Geghard and the Upper Azat Valley, 2000

The monastery of Geghard contains a number of churches and tombs, most of them cut into the rock, which illustrate the very peak of Armenian medieval architecture. The complex of medieval buildings is set into a landscape of great natural beauty, surrounded by towering cliffs at the entrance to the Azat Valley.

The cultural elements of Armenia inscribed on UNESCO’s Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity include:

There are an additional four sites on the Tentative List:

  • The archaeological site of the city of Dvin (1995)
  • The basilica and archaeological site of Yererouk (1995)
  • The monastery of Noravank and the upper Amaghou Valley (1996) - tour description
  • The monasteries of Tatev and Tatevi Anapat and the adjacent areas of the Vorotan Valley (1995) - tour description

Reference: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_World_Heritage_Sites_in_Armenia

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